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Archive for November, 2008

Nov 28 2008

Presidential Advisory ’08

PolicyArchive has compiled a range of policy recommendations from various think tanks, developed for the next U.S president and his Administration. New content will be added through inauguration, offering the most current research and analysis. Click here to view the collection.

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Nov 28 2008

Voluntary universal annual testing and immediate treatment might have major impact on widespread HIV epidemics

26 NOVEMBER 2008 | GENEVA — A group of specialists in the World Health Organization (WHO) developed a mathematical model and published findings in the Lancet today to stimulate discussion, debate and further research.  The model suggests that using annual, universal voluntary HIV testing followed by immediate ART (irrespective of clinical stage or CD4 count) reduces new cases by 95% within ten years.

Authors of the study also report that the universal voluntary testing followed by immediate ART could have additional public health benefits including reducing the incidence of tuberculosis and the transmission of HIV from mother to child.  Additionally, the model suggests that there could be a significant reduction of HIV-related morbidity and mortality in resource limited countries with generalized HIV epidemics. 

The current WHO policy on treatment involves voluntary testing and clinical and/or immunological evaluation (e.g. CD4 count) to determine eligibility for treatment with antiretrovirals.

The authors emphasize the theoretical nature of the exercise based on data and raise a number of concerns regarding feasibility including the protection of individual rights, drug resistance, toxicity and financing challenges.

The paper does not signal a change in WHO guidance. WHO-recommended preventive interventions need to be maintained and expanded. This includes male circumcision, partner reduction, correct and consistent use of condoms, and interventions targeting most-at-risk populations, also known as “combination prevention.”

WHO will convene a meeting early next year bringing together ethicists, funders, human rights advocates, clinicians,  prevention experts and AIDS programme managers to discuss this and other issues related to the wider use of antiretroviral therapy for HIV prevention.

For more information:
Contacts: Dick Thompson, News Team Leader, WHO, Geneva, Tel: +41 22 791 1492; Mob: +41 79 475 5534, Email: thompsond@who.int.
Website: https://www.who.int/hiv/en/

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Nov 28 2008

Global Monitoring Report 2009

Published by under Education
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Education for All Global Monitoring report 2009 describes the failure of governments across the world to tackle deep and persistent inequalities in education is consigning millions of children to lives of poverty and diminished opportunity. Please click here for details. [Source: UNESCO]

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Nov 27 2008

PolicyArchive – A collection and dissemination centre for Policy Research

Have you ever encountered problems of locating, archiving or distributing policy research at the internet? The search result for research does not always appear at the top using search engines and you have to screen out those irrelevant materials. Sponsored by the Center for Governmental Studies and the Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis Library, PolicyArchive is a comprehensive digital library of public policy research containing over 16,000 documents. It collects and disseminates summaries and full texts, videos, reports, briefs, and multimedia material of think tank, university, government, and foundation-funded policy research. In the future, it will include policy content from international and corporate organizations. Researchers are also able to upload to their own research outputs into the database to make them available to the public worldwide. Click here for access.

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Nov 27 2008

CYFREnet, a resource for Educational Social Workers in Children, Youth and Families

Created and maintained by a national network of Land Grant university faculty and county extension educators in the U.S., the CYFERnet can:

  • Provide tools and information for working with youth, parents, families, and communities
  • Share practical research-based tools, curricula and activities with a national audience
  • Provide access to the latest research, statistical, and demographic information
  • Provide resources and instruments for program evaluation
  • Provide information on 3000 community-based State Strengthening programs targeting at-risk audiences

Click here for access.

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Nov 27 2008

The Tibet Album: British Photography in Central Tibet, 1920-1950

From 1920 to 1950, the British government enjoyed an era of better relations with Tibet, and a wide range of civil servants from Britain visited the country on a number of different diplomatic missions. During their stay, many of them took photographs documenting the various aspects of Tibetan life. Many of these photographs found their way into the collections of the Pitt Rivers Museum and the British Museum. With assistance from the Arts & Humanities Research Council, these two institutions came together to create this outstanding digital collection of these photographs of Tibet. First- time visitors can browse the collection by photographer, thematic collections, places, dates, and people. After browsing around for a bit, visitors can sign in to create their own “Tibet Album” containing their own favorite images. The site is rounded out by the official dairy of the 1936-1937 Gould Mission to Lhasa, complete with accompanying photographs and related historical items.   Please click here to access the site.

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Nov 27 2008

Tango with Cows: Book Art of the Russian Avant-Garde, 1910-1917

To those unfamiliar with the world of the Russian Avant-Garde, the phrase “tango with cows” might sound like the name of a new avant-garde electronic music juggernaut. In fact, the phrase is the title of a book and poem by noted Russian writer Vasily Kamensky. Kamensky’s work, along with others, forms the heart of this provocative exhibit created by the Getty Center.  This site is designed to complement their in situ exhibition, and it succeeds with great panache. The exhibition “explores the way Russian avant- garde poets and artists responded to crisis through their book art.” The “crisis” in question here happens to be the Russian revolutions of 1905 and 1917 and the overall milieu of increased urbanization and technological embrace. On the site, visitors can explore some of these books in detail via a specialized interface and also view select books in their entirety. The real treat is that visitors can also listen to some of the poems in these books in Russian or English, and even download complete versions of certain works for their own edification.  Please click here to access the site.

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Nov 27 2008

The Beazley Archive

The Beazley Archive, of the Classical Art Research Centre at The University of Oxford, has a website loaded with wonderful images of the art of ancient Greece and Rome.  On the homepage you will find tabs for: “Art”, “Pottery”, “Gems”, “Sculpture”, and “Antiquaria”.  There are also tabs for a “Dictionary”, “Databases”, and “Tools”. Under the “Tools” tab, visitors will see a cross-reference to the “Dictionary”, which can be accessed by clicking directly on the tab, or when you come across “any term the novice user might not know,” which will be underlined and highlighted.  Also under the “Tools” tab you’ll find a link called “Albums”, which conveniently allows you to keep an album of images from the databases for personal study.  Also on the homepage you’ll find a link to “Discovery, reception and diffusion of classical art,” under the “Highlights” section.  The link leads you to illuminating and accessible explanations, accompanied by images from the collection, of how classical art came to be discovered, and by whom, how it was received in society upon its discovery, and how it ultimately ended up becoming known to the world.  This is a great section for those who want to learn about the relevance of the images in the archive.  Visitors shouldn’t miss the “Sculpture” section, where they can see examples of different styles and periods, but also to learn “How casts are made” and the “History of the cast collection” at Oxford.  The detail in many of the sculptures is simply stunning.  Please click here to access the site.

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Nov 27 2008

Wenceslaus Hollar Collection

Born into an upper middle class family in 1607, Wenceslaus Hollar became interested in etching and engraving at a very young age. As a young man, he left his native Prague to study in Frankfurt, and his first book of etchings was published when he was 28. Over the next thirty years he would spend time in London and Antwerp and by the time of his death he had produced some 2700 separate etchings. This extensive digital collection created by the University of Toronto offers visitors access to thousands of his works.
Visitors can view an illustrated chronology of the life and work of Hollar, read the text of a lecture on his work created by art historian Anne Thackray, and read up on his impressive etching technique. Of course, the real heart of the collection is the image database, and visitors can browse through by topical headings, including “Costumes”, “Portraits”, “Historical Prints”, and “Religious Prints”.  Please click here to access the site.

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Nov 27 2008

American Social History

The Digital Library Federation’s website, Aquifer American Social History Online, is a site that brings together 175 collections that catalog American social history.  Some of the types of materials included on the site are photographs, maps, oral histories, data sets, sheet music, posters, books and journal articles.  On the right side of the homepage you can browse by “Times”, “Subjects”, and “Places”.  The items included here date back as far as the 1600s, covering the 50 states plus Puerto Rico and subjects ranging from African-Americans to World War II.  Visitors can search using “Advanced Search”, at the top of the page, or a simple search using the box at the top of the page next to the word “Go.”  Regardless of which search mode you use, you will be able to view your search results in “Image View”, “Timeline View”, or “Map View”.  “Map View” is the newest way to view your results, by showing a Google map of the United States with your first 100 results’ locations pinpointed on the map. Under the “Tools” at the top of the page, you will find information about OpenID, Zotero, Collectus, and Image Viewer.  By signing up for an OpenID, you can save your searches and results, as well as be notified of new material put on the site.  Visitors can use the Zotero extension as a research tool to annotate and organize, as well as share the results of your research.  The Collectus and Image Viewer, from the University of Virginia, allows visitors the opportunity to create and organize saved image collections and to generate slide shows for use in the classroom.  Please click here to access the site.

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