Date: August 17, 2015 (Monday)
Time: 12:45 p.m. to 1:30 p.m.
Venue: Lecture Theatre II, G/F, The Prince Philip Dental Hospital
Presenter: Mr. Liu Quan, PhD Candidate
Title: Studies on bone-derived biological apatite: structural and compositional investigations, assessments and simulations
Abstract: Biological apatite (BAp) is the primary inorganic component of biological calcified tissues such as bones and teeth. Due to the similarity in structure and chemical composition, xenogenic bone graft materials composed of BAp have been widely used in orthopaedics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, and implant dentistry. However, a comprehensive understanding of BAp’s physicochemical properties (such as morphology, composition and solubility) has not yet been obtained because of the variety of its sources and the effects of extraction methods, as well as the drawbacks and limitations of examination methods. Therefore, the aim of this work was to investigate the structure and chemical composition of vertebrate bone-derived BAp, to assess the influence of thermal treatment on its physicochemical properties, and also to examine the effect of heating temperature and magnesium on its solubility by using synthetic hydroxyapatite (HAp) and carbonated HAp (CHAp) as simulation models.
Bone-derived BAp from several vertebrates was extracted by both low-power plasma ashing and thermal treatment. It was found that each consisted of platelet-like CHAp crystals with low crystallinity, which became rod-like or irregular particles, of larger size and higher crystallinity but lower carbonate (CO32−) content, on high-temperature treatment.
The solubility of HAp (as a model for BAp) in potassium chloride-deuterium oxide (KCl-D2O), a potential medium for the investigation of HAp’s solubility behaviour, was close to that in potassium chloride-protium oxide (KCl-H2O), indicating that there was no significant effect of D2O on the equilibration of HAp with its solution. In contrast, the effect of magnesium on HAp’s solubility was concentration-dependent; while with CHAp, another simulation of BAp, the effect of heating temperature was found to be temperature-dependent with respect to its physicochemical properties.
It is concluded that platelet-like BAp is the common inorganic component of vertebrate bones. BAp’s in vivo structure and composition as well as solubility are vulnerable to alteration during extraction involving thermal treatment. Magnesium has evident influence on BAp’s solubility although the mechanism is as yet unknown. D2O, which appears not to affect the solubility behaviour of HAp, may provide a means of preparing deuterated material suitable for detailed crystallographic analysis.