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May 29 2015

Latest news from Migration Policy Institute

As Europe copes with surge of crossings in Mediterranean, new report argues far deeper insight is needed into migrant decision-making and smuggler business model

The report, Before the boat: Understanding the migrant journey, makes the case that policymakers are making decisions ‘while in the dark’ about the decision-making process and the assessment of risk that migrants face at every step of the journey. They also lack detailed insight about the business model of the smuggling networks that are delivering often desperate people to Europe’s doorstep in exchange for significant remuneration, argue authors Jacob Townsend and Christel Oomen of Farsight, a Brussels-based social enterprise with a focus on migration that has organised interviews with thousands of migrants and would-be migrants.

The Before the boat report can be read at: www.migrationpolicy.org/research/boat-understanding-migrant-journey.

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Apr 06 2015

Latest news from Migration Policy Institute

A new Issue in Brief, Women’s Labour Migration from Asia and the Pacific: Opportunities and Challenges, shines a light on female migrant workers in the region, examining the many factors behind their movement and the significant financial and social impacts they have on both their countries of origin and destination.

The brief also examines the legal and policy context that surrounds the gendered nature of migration flows, including the nonrecognition of domestic work under labor laws in many countries, and identifies key areas for action. The brief, by Bandita Sijapati, Research Director at the Centre for the Study of Labour and Mobility (CESLAM) at the Social Science Baha in Kathmandu, argues that because women migrant workers are increasingly making autonomous decisions to migrate to provide for themselves and their families, substantial efforts should be undertaken to ensure their rights and welfare while improving the benefits of migration for all involved.

This issue in brief is the twelfth in a series by the Migration Policy Institute and the International Organization for Migration’s Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific. The series offers succinct insights on migration issues affecting the Asia-Pacific region today. To read earlier briefs in the series, visit: www.migrationpolicy.org/programs/migrants-migration-and-development.

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Dec 23 2014

Top 10 Migration Issues of 2014

Top 10 takes us to locations around the world: from Mexico, which is experiencing a growing role as migration manager; to Africa, where a deadly Ebola outbreak has prompted local quarantines and regional and international travel controls and bans; to Europe, which is confronting rising humanitarian flows; to the Middle East, where the kafala system used in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries to regulate migrant workers has come under ever sharper attack; and to Asia, where Chinese reform to the hukou system could benefit more than 100 million internal migrants.

Complete Top 10 of 2014:

1. World Experiencing Largest Humanitarian Crisis Since WWII
2. President Obama Breaks Immigration Impasse with Sweeping Executive Action
3. Current Model of Border Controls Under Challenge
4. Building Borders Around Ebola
5. New Era in Immigration Enforcement at the U.S. Southwest Border
6. Governments Fear Return and Intentions of Radicalized Citizens Fighting Abroad
7. Exploitation of Migrant Workers in Asia
8. Changing Landscape Prompts Mexico’s Emergence as a Migration Manager
9. The Points System Is Dead, Long Live the Points System
10. Migration with Chinese Characteristics: Hukou Reform and Elite Emigration

[Source: Migration Information Source December 18, 2014]

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Dec 19 2014

Latest news from Migration Policy Institute

This issue in brief, A ‘Freer’ Flow of Skilled Labour within ASEAN: Aspirations, Opportunities, and Challenges in 2015 and Beyond, explores how ASEAN Member States are taking steps toward better qualifications recognition to prevent the resulting waste of human capital, in response to the mounting evidence that migrants in the region lack the skills recognition required to put their knowledge and training to use in destination countries.

This issue in brief also examines Member States’ goals versus the challenges they face, as well as the opportunities the region could stand to lose now and in the future if these challenges remain unmet. Realities on the ground—including the fact that around 87 percent of intra-ASEAN migrants are low-skilled workers, the prevalence of irregular migration in the region, and the flow imbalances among states—could complicate realization of the AEC’s already limited aspirations, the authors note.

This issue in brief is the eleventh in a series by the Migration Policy Institute and the International Organization for Migration’s Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific that is focused on offering succinct insights on migration issues affecting the Asia-Pacific region today. To read earlier briefs in the series, visit: www.migrationpolicy.org/programs/migrants-migration-and-development

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Dec 16 2014

Latest news from Migration Policy Institute

It’s that time of year again, when the Migration Policy Institute’s online journal, the Migration Information Source, kicks off its annual countdown of the Top 10 Migration Issues of 2014. This year,  Migration Policy Institute (MPI) and MPI Europe experts were invited to examine key developments and trends in migration issues and policies around the world.

Herewith the beginning of the countdown:

10. Migration with Chinese Characteristics: Hukou Reform and Elite Emigration

9. The Points System is Dead, Long Live the Points System

8. Changing Landscape Prompts Mexico’s Emergence as a Migration Manager

7. Exploitation of Migrant Workers in Asia

6. Governments Fear Return and Intentions of Radicalized Citizens Fighting Abroad

Be sure to check back next week for the Top 10 Migration Issues of 2014 to see what made the top of the list!

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Oct 03 2014

Latest news from Migration Policy Institute

The new Migration Policy Institute (MPI) report Selling Visas and Citizenship: Policy Questions from the Global Boom in Investor Immigration, examines the increasing mix of players and types of immigrant investor programs, their policy design, benefits and other considerations. During the past decade, the number of countries with immigrant investor programs has increased dramatically, and about half of all European Union member states now have dedicated routes. Demand has increased as well, with the U.S. EB-5 program, for example, nearing its annual cap of 10,000 visas this year for the first time, after two decades of relatively low uptake.

The report explores the two primary models: (1) investment in private-sector assets, such as the business investment programs used in the United States, Singapore and the Netherlands, or the purchase of private property, as seen in Greece, Latvia, Portugal and Spain, and (2) providing funds to the government via non-refundable fees, low-interest loans or bonds, as occurs in the Caribbean as well as Australia, Malta and the United Kingdom.

The report provides a global overview of immigrant investor initiatives, examines residency requirements and upfront costs.

Read the report at: www.migrationpolicy.org/research/selling-visas-and-citizenship-policy-questions-global-boom-investor-immigration

[Source: Migration Policy Institute]

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Jun 18 2014

Latest news from Migration Policy Institute

As increasing numbers of asylum seekers and migrants undertake precarious journeys by land and sea to reach Europe, the European Union is at a key juncture in its asylum and migration policy-making cycle. The European Council will convene at the end of June to agree upon strategic guidelines intended to set the tone and parameters for future policy-making for the 2014-2020 period in the area of Justice and Home Affairs.

 

A new Migration Policy Institute Europe policy brief, Strengthening refugee protection and meeting challenges: The European Union’s next steps on asylum, identifies the main issues that should be included in the strategic guidelines on asylum, and emphasises the need for a strong basis for future action. The brief, written by Madeline Garlick, former head of policy at the Brussels office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), offers a number of recommendations, including increased engagement by Member States in practical cooperation as a way to strengthen implementation and consolidation of existing EU laws and achieve more consistent, high-quality asylum decision-making.

 

The policy brief is the first in a joint project between MPI Europe and the International Migration Initiative of the Open Society Foundations. The project, European Union Asylum: Beyond 2014, aims to contribute to development of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) consistent with the European Union’s interests, values, and obligations, through research on challenges and options on asylum to inform the development of evidence-based policies and laws.

[Source: Migration Policy Institute]

 

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May 12 2014

Latest news from Migration Policy Institute

In Global Forum on Migration and Development: Perspectives from Asia and the Pacific, authors Imelda Nicolas and Dovelyn Rannveig Agunias evaluate the success of the GFMD and the role of countries from Asia and the Pacific in shaping outcomes. The authors emphasize that for the GFMD to continue to be relevant, the Forum needs to shape the reality on the ground, as much as the global discourse on migration and development. To do so, the GFMD could provide more opportunities for collaboration between interested governments and migration stakeholders by enhancing linkages with regional fora and processes; creating a more dynamic people-to-people networking platform; and ensuring a more focused action- and results-oriented process.

 

This issue in brief is the ninth in the series of policy papers by the Migration Policy Institute (MPI) and the International Organization for Migration’s Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific that offer succinct insights on migration issues affecting the Asia-Pacific region today. To read earlier briefs in the series, visit: www.migrationpolicy.org/programs/migrants-migration-and-development.

 

With GFMD 2014 convening next week in Stockholm, a recent MPI briefing with H.E. Eva Åkerman Börje, Ambassador and Chair of the 2014 GFMD, discuss the Forum’s agenda, policy areas that seem ripe for action, and what impact the GFMD discussions will have on the post-2015 development agenda. Please listen to the briefing here. 

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Feb 12 2014

Latest report from Migration Policy Institute

Policymakers on both sides of the Atlantic face significant constraints in addressing the population of unauthorized migrants in their countries. Limited resources to tackle illegal migration, legal frameworks that protect individuals regardless of their residence status, and the risk that comprehensive enforcement efforts may have adverse consequences in related policy domains such as public health and safety are at the heart of the challenges governments face.

These considerations are explored in the latest report in a series by the Migration Policy Institute’s Transatlantic Council on Migration that focuses on practical policy solutions to curb the influence of “bad actors” who facilitate and profit from illegal migration: smugglers, traffickers, and unscrupulous employers among them.

In Trade-Offs in Immigration Enforcement, MPI Europe Director Elizabeth Collett and MPI Senior Policy Analyst Will Somerville argue that a successful migration enforcement regime is best defined as one that does limited or no harm to a country’s institutions of governance and to citizens’ livelihoods, while fortifying public trust that the government is running an efficient and effective system. The report notes that policymakers must recognize the context in which they operate, not least the strong demand for cheap labor in a globalized world, and the toxic political discussion surrounding immigration, particularly illegal.

This report is the fourth in the series from the Transatlantic Council on Migration. Read the series here.

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Jan 24 2014

Latest report from Migration Policy Institute

In Spheres of Exploitation: Thwarting Actors Who Profit from Illegal Labor, Domestic Servitude, and Sex Work, Migration Policy Institute researcher Meghan Benton focuses on exploitation in three spheres: the domestic care sector, the labor market, and the sex industry. The report analyzes the business model for all three spheres, where perpetrators are broadly motivated by the lure of high profits and low risks.

The report explores the obstacles that governments face in taking on these bad actors, including victim unwillingness to report crimes, the difficulty in identifying and prosecuting crimes in cases where consensual agreement exists between employer and employee, and the difficulty in targeting the masterminds of criminal operations.

The report examines the tools that exist to disrupt the business model of exploitation, including anti-trafficking legislation, penalties for employers who hire unauthorized workers, inspections, regulations, and public awareness campaigns.

Read the series here

 

[Source: Migration Policy Institute]

 

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