Jun 22 2010
- Secretary Hillary Clinton’s Remarks at the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty Review Conference
- United States Discloses Size of Nuclear Weapons Stockpile
- Films on Science: Finland’s 100,000-Year Plan to Banish Its Nuclear Waste
- Nuclear Posture Review Calls for Investments in Science and Technology, Infrastructure and Workforce
- Reducing and Regulating Tactical Nuclear Weapons in Europe: Moving Forward?
- Indonesia Takes the Lead on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
On May 3, 2010, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton addressed an audience at the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty review conference at the United Nations in New York, saying, “… do we seek a 21st century of more nuclear weapons or a world without them? These are the questions we must answer and the challenges we must meet. At this conference and beyond, let us come together in partnership to pursue the peace and security that our people deserve.” For a transcript and video of Clinton’s remarks, click here.
Read the transcript of Clinton’s availability to the press at the conference here.
The Obama administration has formally disclosed the size of the Defense Department’s stockpile of nuclear weapons: 5,113 warheads as of September 30, 2009. The disclosure is a monumental step toward greater nuclear transparency that breaks with outdated Cold War nuclear secrecy and will put significant pressure on other nuclear weapon states to reciprocate. Progress toward deep nuclear cuts and eventual nuclear disarmament would have been very difficult without disclosing the inventory of nuclear weapons.
See a fact sheet detailing the increasing transparency in the U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile here.
Every day, the world over, large amounts of high-level radioactive waste created by nuclear power plants is placed in interim storage, which is vulnerable to natural disasters, man-made disasters, and to societal changes. In Finland the world’s first permanent repository is being hewn out of solid rock that must last 100,000 years as this is how long the waste remains hazardous. When it is done 10 years from now, it will corkscrew three miles in and 1,600 feet down into crystalline gneiss bedrock that has been the foundation of Finland for 1.8 billion years. The place is called Onkalo (Finnish for “hidden”) and is the subject of a new documentary, “Into Eternity”.
To view a video clip from “Into Eternity”, click here.
On April 6, 2010, the Obama Administration released its Nuclear Posture Review Report that will shape U.S. nuclear weapons strategy in the next five to ten years. Described as a roadmap to implement the President’s agenda to reduce nuclear risks, this congressionally-mandated report is the third assessment of its kind – the first two being in 1994 and 2001. Initial congressional reaction to the 72-page report, issued by the Defense Department in consultation with the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Energy, has generally followed party lines.
The James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS) published an updated report on the shifting attitudes in Europe and the United States regarding the presence of U.S. nonstrategic, or tactical, nuclear weapons in Europe. This update to a December 2009 report examines the attitudes toward these weapons in the United States, Western and Eastern Europe, and Russia. It also considers the possible impact of the 2010 Nuclear Nonproliferation Review Conference and NATO Strategic Concept on the issue.
On May 3, Indonesia gave the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) a much-needed boost when Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa announced that Indonesia would ratify the CTBT in the near future, without waiting for the U.S. to ratify first. For a full report on Indonesia’s announcement and its implications for the CTBT, click here.